Marijuana is made from the hemp plant, Cannabis sativa. The main psychoactive (mindaltering) chemical in marijuana is delta-9- tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC.

Marijuana has a variety of Street Names such as Blunt, Bud, Dope, Ganja, Grass, Green, Herb, Joint, Mary Jane, Pot, Reefer, Sinsemilla, Skunk, Smoke, Trees, Weed; Hashish: Boom, Gangster, Hash, Hemp. There are also various brand commercial names in states where the sale of marijuana is legal.

The common form of marijuana is greenish-gray mixture of dried, shredded leaves, stems, seeds, and/or flowers; resin (hashish) or sticky, black liquid (hash oil). Marijuana is taken by smoke, eating it mixed in food or brewed as tea.

Possible Health Effects

Short-term: Enhanced sensory perception and euphoria followed by drowsiness/relaxation; slowed reaction time; problems with balance and coordination; increased heart rate and appetite; problems with learning and memory; anxiety.

Long-term: Mental health problems, chronic cough, frequent respiratory infections.

Other Health-related Issues

Youth: Possible loss of IQ points when repeated use begins in adolescence.

Pregnancy: Babies born with problems with attention, memory, and problem solving.

In Combination with Alcohol: Increased heart rate, blood pressure; further slowing of mental processing and reaction time.

Withdrawal Symptoms include Irritability, trouble sleeping, decreased appetite, anxiety.

Treatment Options

Medications –There are no FDA-approved medications to treat marijuana addiction.

Behavioral Therapiesinclude: 

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) 
  • Contingency management, or motivational incentives 
  • Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET) 
  • Behavioral treatments geared to adolescents

The information in this publication is for informational use only and has been taken from: National Institute for Drug Abuse